When it comes to making compost, a few basic tips can make all the difference.
A compost pile can pay huge dividends for the home gardener.
It helps to build and recharge soil in vegetable gardens. And it adds power to potting soil in containers and hanging baskets too.
It can also be used to easily create homemade compost tea. An amazing, all-natural liquid fertilizer for plants. See : How To Make Compost Tea
In general, it helps nearly and and every living plant grow better.
Perhaps, best of all, it is 100 percent organic! And by following a few simple steps, it’s easy to make in no time at all!
Making Compost – The Basics Of A Great Pile
Compost, put simply, is the ultra rich remnants left behind when organic materials decompose.
Known as “black gold” by gardeners, compost is teeming with minerals and nutrients. And those nutrients provide lasting power to the soil that feeds living plants.
All organic materials eventually decompose.
Left to sit for years, a pile of whole leaves or grass clippings will eventually decompose.
But a compost pile can speed the process up. And in the process, turn your kitchen and yard waste into “black gold” fast!
Here is a look at four simple steps to create perfect compost.
Making Compost – The 4 Keys To Success
#1 Put the Right Mix of Materials in the Pile
Compost piles work best when they are made up of the right mixture of materials. This allows them to break down quickly.
There are two basic types of materials that go in a pile – browns (inactive) and greens (active).
The browns are carbon based. They are composed of materials like leaves, twigs, wood chips, ashes, dry grass and clippings.
Greens on the other hand are nitrogen based. These are materials that will heat up the pile to decompose the browns.
The greens include chicken, rabbit, horse or cow manure, fresh vegetable scraps, green lawn clippings and even coffee grounds.
How To Create The Right Mix
So what is the right mix?
As a good rule of thumb, a compost pile breaks down the quickest when there is a ratio close to 2 parts of brown material (carbon), to 1 part green (nitrogen).
Do you have to be exact? No. But if you stay close to the ratio, the pile heats up and breaks down faster.
As an example, if you put two shovel-fulls of leaves in your pile, you need to add a shovel of manure, coffee grounds or fresh green lawn clippings.
This keeps the pile in balance.
#2 Starting Out A Compost Pile
When starting a new pile, begin with a bit of compost from your last pile. The organisms and bacteria present will help put your new pile into “decomposition mode” faster.
If starting from scratch, use a good quality compost starter as a substitute. Product Link : Compost Starter
Creating the right-sized pile is also important. If a pile is too small, it will not generate enough internal heat for decomposition.
A pile at or around 3′ high x 3′ wide works best.
It is large enough to create heat. And also small enough to manage for the gardener when turning.
#3 Chop Up The Ingredients
Chopping ingredients prior to putting in the pile is a huge secret to making compost fast!
As you build or add to your pile, break up or shred all materials.
Use a lawnmower to shred leaves, grass or straw. Cut kitchen scraps with a few extra chops of the knife.
Always remember, the smaller the ingredients going in, the faster they decompose.
#4 Keep Turning The Pile
Like humans, a compost pile needs oxygen to breathe, live and work.
When a pile has adequate oxygen, it decompose quickly.
Turning the pile every few days keeps oxygen present though the entire compost pile. At minimum, turn once a week.
Use a pitchfork or shovel to lift and turn ingredients. Try to place the outer ingredients in the center of the pile as you turn. Product Link : Ames Easy Handle Turning Fork
Turning a pile every few days can drastically reduce the time it takes to create finished compost.
And by shredding first, it makes turning the pile an easy chore.
#5 Keep Your Pile Moist
Last but not least – keep your pile moist.
Again, like humans, a compost pile needs water to stay alive.
When there is a lack of moisture available, decomposition slows or stops.
As you turn the pile, if it seems dry, add a few gallons of water. You can also cover with a tarp to help retain moisture on hot days.
But we aware that too much moisture is detrimental as well. It can smother and keep a pile from heating up.
So how much is enough?
A good pile should have the consistency of a well-wrung sponge. Damp, but not dripping.
Once again, a tarp can help keep a pile dry enough during heavy or prolonged rains.
So get that compost pile going this year and start making Black Gold. Your plants will thank you!
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