Fall is the perfect time to rejuvenate and recharge the soil in your raised beds. Not only will it help to protect them over winter, but it will have them teeming with power by spring and ready to grow!
The spring, summer, and fall garden season take a big toll on the soil in raised beds. Plants require a lot of nutrients from the soil. Both to grow healthy foliage – and produce a big harvest of fruits and vegetables. Unfortunately, over time, plants can quickly deplete the limited resources in the soil. Especially when it comes to the contained soil in raised beds!
But even more than robbing the soil of nutrients, if not revitalized, the structure of the soil in raised beds will begin to break down over time. When it does, what was once healthy soil full of organic matter can become thin, dry and lifeless dirt.
When this occurs, it makes it more and more difficult for plants to hold moisture to their roots. Even worse, they struggle to absorb nutrients as well. Not just nutrients that are in the soil, but ones that might be added by fertilizing as well.
It Takes More Than Fertilizer – How To Recharge Raised Bed Soil In The Fall
One of the biggest misconceptions of raised bed gardening is that you can simply add fertilizer to the soil to keep it healthy and active. Unfortunately, it just isn’t the case.
Without adding valuable humus and organic matter on a regular basis, soil will become lifeless and sterile. And when the happens, your plants are going to pay the price – with less growth and far less yields. But here is the good news – recharging your soil naturally in the fall is easy to do.
By simply employing a few of the methods below, you can power up your soil this fall. Not only will these methods re-energize the soil, but they will also protect it from winter’s fury. And in the process, have your ready to grow big in the spring! With that in mind, here is a look at how to get your raised bed soil in shape this fall.
How To Recharge Your Raised Bed Soil
Clear Those Plants
First and foremost, one of the most important things you can do for the health and longevity of your raised bed soil is to clear out your plants as they begin to fade. Leaving plants to die and wither away in your raised beds is asking for disaster.
Decaying plants are a haven for disease and pests to take hold and overwinter. Not only will they increase their populations, but they take up residence right where you will be growing next year. Even more, allowing your old plants to remain continues to deplete your soil of nutrients.
As soon as your plants begin to fade, clear them out, roots and all. Leaving roots in the soil of raised beds will cause the same issues as leaving the foliage up top. They both can harbor pests and disease.
The good news is most if not all of the foliage and roots of plants are a great addition to your fall compost pile – so they can still serve a great final purpose. (See: How To Create A Great Fall Compost Pile)
Compost – How To Recharge Raised Bed Soil In The Fall
There is no better way to recharge tired garden soil than with a big dose of compost. Compost is teeming with life. And the active microbes and organic matter in compost re-fills raised beds with intense energy.
Listen In To Our Podcast On Recharging Your Raised Beds Below!
From life-supporting nutrients such as calcium, nitrogen and potassium, to a multitude of other trace minerals and elements, compost adds big power to the soil. Even more, compost also adds an incredible amount of humus and structure to the soil. And that structure is vital to helping next year’s plants to absorb nutrients and water.
Topping your beds with a few inches of compost before winter is one of the best ways to bring back life to the soil. The compost can slowly incorporate into the soil over winter, and by spring, your soil will have more life than ever.
Plant A Cover Crop – How To Recharge Raised Bed Soil In The Fall
Think cover crops are just for traditional gardens? Think again! Cover crops are a great way to protect and recharge your raised beds soil over winter. Not only do they cover the soil and keep erosion from occurring, the roots drive deep down to help loosen and aerate.
Raised bed soil left bare for the winter months will fill with weeds and weed seeds. They also lose a sizable amount of nutrients through erosion. But by planting a cover crop such as oats or annual rye, the soil has a natural “green” cover to protect it all winter long.
Even better, when the cover crop dies off in the spring, it gives its nutrients back to the soil. Adding not only energy, but loads of organic matter too.
For raised beds, oats are one of the best cover crops of all. They die off with the winter frost, but the decaying foliage protects the soil all winter long. You can then trim it down in the spring and plant away! Product Link : Cover Crop Oat Seed
Manure – How To Recharge Raised Bed Soil In The Fall
If you are not going to plant a cover crop, another great way to both protect and power your beds is with a mulching of animal manure. Animal manures (chicken, rabbit, cow and horse are among the best) are full of nutrients. Incorporating just a few inches of manure can really help to energize your soil.
Although fresh manure will burn plants if placed in the beds during or immediately after planting, by mixing it into the soil in the fall, it has time to leach through the soil. It can be a bit odorous, and for that reason, aged manure is usually the better choice.
Shredded Leaves – How To Recharge Raised Bed Soil In The Fall
Last but not least, don’t forget about all of those falling leaves that are free for the taking in the cool Autumn season. Leaves are an incredible easy, powerful, and free source for recharging your raised bed garden soil.
Finely shredded leaves are perfect for mixing into the soil in late fall to add both structure and trace nutrients. Once you have mixed in shredded leaves to your soil, you can then use whole or partially shredded leaves to cover the surface.
They form a protective barrier to keep soil loss from wind, snow and erosion. Even better, as they break down, they give nutrients back to the soil. Here is to recharging your raised bed soil this fall to grow better than ever next year!
This Is My Garden is a garden website created by gardeners, for gardeners. We publish two articles every week, 52 weeks a year. Sign up today to follow via email, or follow along on Facebook here : This Is My Garden. This article may contain affiliate links.